Opportunity Finance Network (OFN) reports, surveys, training resources, and other publications provide valuable data and insight on the community development financial institution (CDFI) industry.

OFN members receive discounts on premium publications and can contact Roland Kamara for more information.

Featured Publications

2023 CDFI survey from OFN and the Richmond Fed

CDFI Survey Findings on Output and Outcome Tracking

April 2024

A brief from the Richmond Fed and OFN looks at several of the Federal Reserve’s 2023 CDFI Survey findings on how and why CDFIs measure outputs and outcomes. It aims to understand what output and outcome metrics CDFIs measure and want to measure, why CDFIs track metrics, and what challenges they face in tracking metrics.

Read the Brief

OFN Side by Side report: statistical highlights from OFN Membership, FY 2022

Opportunity Finance Institutions: Side by Side, 25th Edition

January 2024

Side by Side is an annual reference guide for industry practitioners, investors, and others interested in assessing the activity and performance of the opportunity finance industry. It presents data from 368 CDFIs in the OFN membership and includes peer group analyses for the primary financing sectors.


Banner with the words "Inside the Membership".


Inside the Membership: Statistical Highlights from OFN Membership, Fiscal Year 2022

January 2024

This fact sheet provides information on as many as 368 CDFIs in the OFN membership, depending on the data point.


OFN research team publication about the Paycheck Protection Program

A View of PPP from the Inside: Financing, Financial Performance, and Operations of CDFI Paycheck Protection Program Lenders

December 2023

This brief examines the financing activity, financial performance, and efficiency and operations of Opportunity Finance Network’s member CDFIs that served as Paycheck Protection Program (PPP) lenders. These members devoted a substantial portion of their fiscal year 2021 lending activity to PPP, had higher self-sufficiency and change in net assets than non-PPP lenders, and achieved high rates of operational efficiency.

Download Paper

Five Research Priorities for CDFIs: Advancing financial Inclusion through evidence-based practice

Five Research Priorities for Community Development Financial Institutions: Advancing Financial Inclusion Through Evidence-based Practice

November 2023

CDFIs have a shared vision of a more inclusive financial system, but CDFIs and their stakeholders differ on how to best track progress. To foster more alignment, this paper outlines a proposed research agenda — mainly from the perspective of CDFI loan funds — to facilitate a better understanding of how CDFIs contribute to the nation’s financial inclusion ecosystem.

Download the paper:

Long Form   Short Form

2023 Compensation Survey

CDFI Loan Fund Compensation Survey

Data in effect April 1, 2023

The 2023 CDFI Loan Fund Compensation Survey Report is a valuable resource that can help CDFIs recruit, reward, and retain high-quality employees. The report is a comprehensive examination of CDFI loan fund compensation data from 154 CDFIs across the country. For CDFIs that are in expansion mode or those now budgeting for 2024, this report will be helpful in setting compensation levels for new positions.


Cover of the Trends Toward Equity report

Trends Toward Equity: Five Years of OFN Member Data

March 2023

Given changes in the community development financial institution (CDFI) industry and broader economic context, this brief examines CDFI activity, performance, and outcomes among all OFN members from 2017 through 2021. Where appropriate, for additional insights, we restrict the sample to members that have consistently reported data for the last five years.


Persistent Poverty and the Prevalence of CDFIs

Persistent Poverty and the Prevalence of CDFIs

In new research supported by the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation, Opportunity Finance Network shows the traditional measure of persistent poverty by county severely undercounts the number of Americans living in entrenched poverty and is less geographically inclusive of rural and urban communities alike.

The paper posits that measuring persistent poverty at a census tract level offers a more equitable and accurate methodology and has profound implications for many CDFIs.

A county measure suggests that nearly half of CDFIs have no lending activity in these areas. A census tract measure shows that the vast majority of CDFIs lend in persistent poverty areas and that nearly 40 percent of all CDFI lending is in these areas, a testament to the CDFI industry’s targeting of highly vulnerable rural and urban communities.

Persistent Poverty and the Prevalence of CDFIs offers:

  • Foreword by Partners for Rural Transformation
  • Data comparison of persistent poverty when measured by census tract and county, including overview of CDFI lending
  • Borrower stories and tracking resources
  • Recommendations for CDFIs, policymakers, funders, and investors


Featured Training Resources

OFN’s new training resources and tools aim to help CDFI practitioners and partners expand the knowledge and skills they need to achieve the greatest impact in the communities they serve. The toolkits are available for free. To learn more, visit OFN’s training page.

CDFI 101 Orientation

OFN's CDFI 101 toolkit aims to help practitioners feel better connected to the CDFI industry and the common goals we all share; understand what it means to be a part of the movement built over the past 50 years; and be inspired by the industry’s roots.


Talent Recruitment, Retention & Management

This toolkit aims to assist CDFIs with finding the right people, with the right skills, at the right time for the organization; supporting equitable hiring, retention, and advancement practices; providing insights into staffing trends; and offering actionable examples that make it easy to implement the leading practices shared.


Operationalizing Racial Equity, Inclusion, and Accessibility (REIA) into Lending Practices

This toolkit was developed to help CDFIs incorporate an explicit focus on racial equity, inclusion, and accessibility into their lending practices. You'll find a guide structured in four sections, each with suggested actions and activities you can undertake individually or as a group.


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More OFN Resources and Publications

To find and download other OFN resources and publications, visit CDFI Connect, a digital space for OFN members, allies, funders, investors and other CDFI industry supporters to network, collaborate, and learn.